Araki ryu Torite Kogusoku

伊勢崎荒木流 Isezaki Araki-ryu

Araki-ryu torite-kogusoku apparently entered the Kozuke region in the mid-Edo period.  The first significant figure in Isezaki was 9th generation shihan, Komine Bundayu.  His most prominent disciple was Kurihara Imoji Masashige (栗原五百二正重), born in Kyoto 6.  He studied hojutsu (musketry) with Koya Kodayu in Maebashi-han, and afterwards Mugai-ryu kenjutsu with Isezaki hanshi, Isoda Todaiyu Kunimichi.  He became a kenjutsu shihan in Horeki 10.  The following year, he studied two other musketry schools, the Sasaki-ryu and the Tanegashima-ryu under Kanano Shirozaemon Michifusa. It was after this that he studied with Komine Bundaiyu (小峯文太夫武矩).  He became a hojutsu shihan and then, finally gakkushu-dotoshu (headmaster of the Isezaki-han's school for bushi).

Isezaki Araki-ryu - chigirikijutsu reishiki - circa 1954, courtesy of Hal Sharp

From the 12th generation, Araki-ryu was taught to minkan (commoners) in the Ise-zaki area, and their version was referred to as Moro Budo Araki-ryu ("moro" being a word that simply means village).  It is possible that this was related to the political ferment that was arising throughout Japan due to the encroachment of foreign ships - the daimyo of Isezaki were possibly attempting to diffuse military skills among a wider segment of the population.

The Isezaki Araki-ryu was also significantly influenced by the Kiraku-ryu, a tradition also very influential in the same area, which was practiced in Sakai, a town adjacent to Isezaki, as well as Maebashi.  We see the same family names, most notably the Arai and the Kikuchi, in both ryu.  It is very likely that siblings were enrolled in each.  Although coming from absolutely different antecedents (Kiraku-ryu emerged from the Toda-ryu), the two ryu share weaponry, even kata.

Lineage from which Isezaki Araki-ryu descended

1.  Araki Muninsai Minamoto no Hidetsuna  (荒木夢仁斎源秀縄)

2.  Mori Kasuminosuke Katsushige  (森霞之助勝重)

3.  Yamamoto Kasuke Katsuyuki  (山本嘉助勝之)

4.   Takeuchi Kuroemon Katsuyoshi  (竹内九郎右衛門勝吉)

5.  Takahashi Yoshiemon Morihisa(高橋儀右衛門森久)

6.  Hōzaka Kurozaemon Yoshihisa (方坂九郎左衛門吉久)

7.  Mukai Sajiro Tadahisa (向井左次郎正久)

8.  Kobayashi Fujizaemon Tsunemasa  (小林藤左衛門常正)

9.   Komine Bundayu Takenori (小峯文太夫武矩)

Lineage of Isezaki Araki-ryu among the Bushi - starting with the 10th generation

Based on the way some makimono were signed, Araki-ryu seems to have been taught in a collective fashion.  Although one shihan might have been considered one's direct teacher, others very likely participated in teaching as well. This style of teaching continued in Isezaki until the last generation (through the late 1960's, early 1970s) where instructors from more than one faction, with somewhat different techniques, taught the younger men.  The result of this was that Isezaki Araki-ryu was always in creative ferment, with the younger shihan melding together and reworking techniques and interpretations of kata learned from various seniors.

Isezaki Araki-ryu shihan, circa 1954 - photo courtesy of Hal Sharp

10.  Kurihara Imoji  Masashige (栗原五百二正重)

11.  Kurihara Kanjiro Masayoshi (栗原貫次正義) & (天笠勇七) - No known students

11. Kurihara Kakunosuke Tadayuki (栗原確之助正敬) - senior to Suzuki Shunzan

11.  Suzuki Shunzan Morotoka (鈴木春山宣得) AKA Suzuki Endayu Yoshinao (鈴木円太夫義直) -  12. Umezawa Zenuemon Akihide (梅沢善右衛門明秀) - Umezawa Zenuemon, a 12th generation shihan, was a disciple of 11th generation shihan, Suzuki Endayu. In 1817, it is believed that he engaged in a violent duel with the famous Kiraku-ryu jujutsu master, Iizuka Garyusai Okiyoshi, but there is no clear account of the outcome.

Students of Eleventh Generation Shihan Suzuki Shunzan Morotoka (鈴木春山宣得) AKA Suzuki Endayu Yoshinao (鈴木円太夫義直)

12. Shimoyama Shigezaemon Genji (下山茂左衛門玄涼) A samurai, Shimoyama was also an artist, who was the first teacher of Morimura Saien, a prominent painter of the end of the Edo period.

12.  Suzuki Gunji Yoshitaka (鈴木郡治義同) AKA Suzuki Heiuchi Senkou(鈴木兵内宣光)

12. Yamato Hyounai Norishige (大和兵内規重)

12.    Yamato Haruyuki Nobumitsu (大和春幸 宣光)

13.  Ishihara Kinzo Tsunehito (石原金蔵常仁)

13. Yamato Samanosuke Matsunari  (大和右馬之助松斎)

13. Arai Kyushichiro Kikei (新井久七郎起敬) AKA Arai Kyushichiro Kensan (新井久七郎起敬拳山)

13. Arai Tomizo Tadayoshi (新井冨蔵忠好) AKA Arai Tomizo Tadayoshi Kensai (新井冨蔵拳斎)

Isezaki Moro-Budo Araki-ryu - from 12th generation shihan Yamato Haruyuki Nobumitsu (大和春幸 宣光)
Ishihara Line (13th - 16th generations) of Yamato Haruyuki

13.  Ishihara Kinzo Tsunehito (石原金蔵常仁)

14.  Arai Houzou (新井芳蔵補寿)

15.  Ishihara Wasuke Tamehisa (石原和助為久)

16.  Ishihara Shigetsuguro Tamitsuge (石原茂次郎為次)

16.  Ishihara Sahei (石原佐平)

Yamato Samanosuke Line (13th - 18th generations)  of Yamato Haruyuki

13.  Yamato Samanosuke Matsunari  (大和右馬之助松斎)

14.  Motegi Shinpachi Yoshio (茂木仁八美雄)

15.  Motegi Motoharu (茂木元治美__)

16.  Motegi Jintaro (茂木甚太郎___宣)

17. Motegi  Yasukatsu (茂木保雄)

18. Motegi  Kimio (茂木喜美雄)

Arai Kyushichiro Line  (13th - 16th generations) of Yamato Haruyuki

13.  Arai Kyushichiro Kikei (新井久七郎起敬) AKA Arai Kyushichiro Kensan (新井久七郎起敬拳山)

14. Marubashi Keisuke Antei  (丸橋慶助安定)

14. Kikuchi Tsuneshichi  Noriyuki (菊地常七則行)

14.  Kikuchi Kenko Noriyuki (菊地拳光則行) - AKA Kikuchi ___ Sudo(菊地難次五政郎)  Kenko was the founder of Fujiwara-ryu Kempo

14.  Arai (新井補寿)

14. Itagaki Rinuemon Nobuhiro Shinkansai (板垣林右衛門信寛心関斎)

14.  Oshima Kazuzou (大島一三有義)  - See Oshima Sub-group

14. Arai Kioki (新井起興)

14.  Kikuchi Daijiro Masamitsu (菊地代三郎正光)

Oshima Sub-group of Arai Kyushichiro Kikei (新井久七郎起敬)

14.  Oshima Kazuzou (大島一三有義)

15.  Oshima Yoshitoku (大島義徳)

15. Oshima Shinshichiro (大島辛七郎)

15. Oshima Sojiro (大島壮次郎)

15. Oshima Yajiro (大島柳次郎)

15. Shimizu Kisaku (清水喜作)

Arai Kioki (新井起興) Sub-group of Arai Kyushichiro Kikei (新井久七郎起敬)

14.  Arai Kioki (新井起興)

15.  Arai Yoshioki (新井義興)

15. Kikuchi Motoshichi (菊地元七)

15. Kikuchi Iwayoshi (菊地岩吉)

15. Kikuchi Yukiharu (菊地勇治)

15. Oshima Katsuzou (大島勝蔵)

15. Yamato Zentaro (大和善太郎)

15. Yamato Gihei (大和儀平)

15. Marubashi Soukichi (丸橋荘吉)

15. Takagi Bunjiro (高木文次郎)

15. Hatta Hisatsuke (八田久助)

15. Hatta Kamehachi (八田亀吉)

15. Shibuya Ishiyoshi  (渋谷岩吉)

15. Koyama Ruizo (小山類蔵)

15. Suga Niihari (須賀新治)

15. Suga Wasaburou (須賀和三郎)

Kikuchi Daijiro Masamitsu (菊地代三郎正光) Subgroup of Arai Kyushichiro

14.  Kikuchi Daijiro Masamitsu (菊地代三郎正光)

15.  Kikuchi Heiuchi (菊地兵内)

15. Suzuki  Chikazou (鈴木近蔵)

15. Takaya Tsunagoro (高柳綱五郎)

15. Shimoda Kakutaro (下田角太郎)

15. Iwahashi Dajirou (岩橋定次郎)

15. Takizawa Yonesaburou (滝沢米三郎)

15. Inooka (猪岡常平), Saito Nakayoshi (斎藤仲吉)

15. Tanaka Sueyoshi (田中末吉)

15. Ishi --saku (石井染作)

15. Yanagizawa Ryukitsu (柳沢竜吉),

15. Tomo Chisaburou (茂呂知三郎)

15. Takagi Tomiyoshi (高木冨吉)

Isezaki Moro-Budo Araki-ryu:  Arai Tomizo Tadayoshi (13th - 18th generations) of Yamato Haruyuki

13.  Arai Tomizo Tadayoshi (新井冨蔵忠好) AKA Arai Tomizo Tadayoshi Kensai (新井冨蔵拳斎)

Osawa Ryosaku subgroup of Arai Tomizo

14.  Osawa Ryosaku Chiei (大沢要作知栄) - Osawa Ryosaku, born in 1844, was one of the most important Bakumatsu/Meiji period practitioners of  Araki-ryu.  A student of Arai Tomizo, he also received menkyo kaiden in Jikishinkage-ryu, and he brought elements of both Jikishinkage-ryu's kenjutsu and esoteric teachings into Isezaki Araki-ryu. He was particularly well known for his skills in kenpo. 

15.  Hotta Hisasaku (堀田久作)

15. Arai  Kato (新井加藤),

15. Kawada Ikuta Nagatane (川田幾太長種) - Kawada Ikuta was born in 1865. He studied both Araki-ryu and Jikishinkage-ryu with Osawa Ryousaku. He developed eighteen students worthy of menkyo. He also became a high ranking member of Kodokan Judo and developed a number of yudansha judoka.

 16.  Kawada Kiyosaku (川田清作)

15.  Ogiwara Shigeyoshi Tadanao (荻原重吉正直)

16. Obana Zenjirou Anshu (小花善次郎安寿)

17.  Itami (伊丹未)

18. Akaishi  Kaishichi (赤石介七)

19. Marubashi Kigen (丸橋軌玄)

Kikuchi Kokunoshin subgroup of Arai Tomizo

14.    Kikuchi Kokunoshin Tomokata (菊池穀之進) AKA Kikuchi Kokutaro Tomokata (菊地穀太郎知方)

15.  Kikuchi Bunzou (菊池文蔵)

15. Hatta Yasaburou (八田彌三郎)

15. Ogiwara Sakuyuki (荻原伴之)

15. Yamato Midou Chiwaki (大和彌藤次知和) - Yamato Midou was born in 1855 in a peasant family. He apprenticed with Kikuchi Kokunoshin from early childhood, and received zekkoku menkyo in 1893, becoming a 15th generation shihan. Inheriting his teacher's dojo at the same time, eventually supervising hundreds of disciples from the surrounding area.  He died in 1929 at the age of 73.

16.  Kikuchi Ishidori (菊池右鳥)

16.  Yamato Shigehira (大和茂平)

16.  Yamato Hanya (大和半彌)

16.  Kikuchi Heishichiro (菊池兵七郎)

16.  Kikuchi Masayuki (菊池順之),

16. Yamato Yatoji (大和杢 一) - Yamato Yatoji, a son of Yamato Midou, was born in 1898, and began studying with his father from a very young age.  He founded the Araki-ryu Hozoinkai (preservation society) and maintained it in his home.

17.  Ubugata Tsuneo (生形経雄)

16.  Kikuchi Taketarou Takechi (菊池武太郎武知) - Kikuchi Taketarou, usually known as Kickuchi Taketa, was born in 1891. He was the child of the eldest son of 14th generation shihan, Kikuchi Kokunoshin, regarded as a master of the art. A student of Yamato Midou, he became a 16th generation shihan. His embu (public demonstrations) were known for their powerful realistic quality.

16.  Kikuchi Genkichi Takekichi (菊池源吉武吉)

17.  Ishihara Masayoshi  (石原正吉)

17.Kikuchi Fukujirou (菊池福次郎)

17.  Shibuzawa Sadsakichi (渋沢定吉)  

17.  Marubashi Sei (丸橋精)

17.  Kikuchi Tokutaro (荻原徳太郎)

17.  Suzuki Isematsu Yoshimatsu  (鈴木伊勢松吉松) -Suzuki Isematsu was born in 1903. Among the many 16th generation shihan of Isezaki, he apprenticed directly under Kikuchi Genkichi, and received zekkoku menkyo from him, becoming a 17th generation shihan. He was known for his sincere demonstrations of the art 

18.  Arakawa Seishin (荒川誠心)

 

Chirigirkijutsu - Ishizukitsuki - Isezaki Araki-ryu, circa 1954 - photo courtesy of Hal Sharp