Sanshin Araki-ryu toritejutsu 三神荒木流捕手術 (sometimes referred to as Sanjin Araki-ryu or Mikami Araki-ryu), means "Three Deities Araki-ryu." It is yet another of the many offshoot ryu of Araki-ryu. Araki-ryu offshoots are rather unique in that they usually maintain Araki Mujinsai at the top of the keizu (lineage), rather than starting with the actual developer of the new ryu. According to the Bugei Ryuha Daijiten (321-322), the founder was Yamamoto Kasuke, the disciple of Mori Kasuminosuke Katsushige. He is alleged to have also become a 5th dai of Shindo Tenshinryu, as well as mastering Takagi-ryu.
The makimono of the school starts with a revised version of the Araki-ryu Saitan no Jo, the origin story of the school. As best as I can piece it out at this time, it refers to the 10th dai, Tokuta Shirohiemon as the “chuko no so.” in the beginning years of the 1800's. What this means is that he, rather than Yamamoto, is probably the founder – at least of the ryu which was subsequently passed down. Sanshin Araki-ryu originally included sword, ryofundo and jujutsu. Originally, the ryu emphasized the sword, with the jujutsu techniques considered secondary. Like Araki-ryu, it was once fairly widespread. Apart from Kozuke, the Kobukan (尚武館), a kendo dojo in Ashikaga village in Tochigi Prefecture, which opened in Taisho 1 (1912), taught Sanjin Araki-ryu.
It was recently rediscovered, practiced by several old men in a small mountain village in Bushu (Issan Mura). All they had maintained was a jujutsu practice, which looks to have a late Edo provenance – including some unrealistic techniques that do not look like they were ever tested in randori. (In the article, it states that they referred to it as Mikkami Araki-ryu). Their Sanshin Araki Ryu retains almost nothing of the old Araki Ryu. It is a classic mid- to late Edo jujutsu, a self-defense system, mostly unarmed, countering grabs to the chest and arm, and around the back and neck, from traditional Japanese sitting postures. There are some techiques that are counters from attacks when sitting cross-legged. They do wrist-locks and twists, a few leg-locks and a variety of techniques similar to those in aikido and early judo. They also practice a few weapon-avoidance and disarms facing a short-sword.
Yamada Minoru and Tatsuzawa Kunihiko (association unknown) have both, in recent years, reportedly received permission to teach what they were shown from their elderly men. They both are also associated with the Bushu line of Kiraku-ryu.
- Araki Muninsai Minamoto no Hidetsuna (荒木夢仁斎源秀縄)
- Mori Kasuminosuke Katsushige (森霞之助勝重)
- Yamamoto Kasuke Katsuyuki (山本嘉助勝之)
- Kobayashi Ichizaemon Shigemitsu (小林市左衛門重光)
- Tsuneta Uemon Shigeyuki (常田右衛門重之)
- Yamazaki Kyuzaemon Shigehisa (山崎九左衛門重久)
- Shimizu Hanuemon Shigetaka (清水伴右衛門重高) (not noted in one keizu)
- Ichikawa Yoheimon Mototoshi (市川与兵衛元利)
- Ichigawa Mitsutsugu Hideoki (市川三二秀興)
- Tokuda Shirobei (徳田四郎兵衛) [chuko no so]
- Sato (佐藤X又XXX)
- Takeuchi Denue (竹内傳右衛)